Basic dough recipe for bread


1 packet (2 1/4 teaspoons) active dry yeast

4 cups all-purpose flour or bread flour

1 1/2 teaspoons salt

2 tablespoons sugar or honey

2 tablespoons olive oil or melted butter

1 1/2 cups warm water (110°F/45°C)


  • Activating the Yeast*
  • In a small bowl, combine warm water and sugar or honey. Stir until dissolved.
  • Sprinkle the active dry yeast over the water mixture. Let it sit for about 5-10 minutes until it becomes frothy. This indicates that the yeast is active.
  • Mixing the Dough*
  • In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour and salt. Make a well in the center.
  • Pour the yeast mixture and olive oil or melted butter into the well.
  • Gradually mix the flour into the liquid using a wooden spoon or a dough scraper until a shaggy dough forms.
  • Kneading the Dough*
  • Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface.
  • Knead the dough by pressing it with the heel of your hand, folding it over, and rotating it. Continue kneading for about 8-10 minutes until the dough is smooth and elastic. If the dough is too sticky, add a little more flour as needed.
  • First Rise (Proofing)*
  • Shape the dough into a ball and place it in a lightly greased bowl, turning it once to coat the surface with oil.
  • Cover the bowl with a clean kitchen towel or plastic wrap.
  • Let the dough rise in a warm, draft-free place for about 1-2 hours, or until it has doubled in size.

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